Timeline

1858

  • (April)birth of Julia Velma Finney, daughter of Jonathan and Agnes Bevans Finney, exact date and place unknown
  • Minnesota becomes the 32nd state in the Union
  • First stagecoach line, St Louis to West Coast
  • Lincoln-Douglass Debates

1859

  • Darwin publishes the Origin of Species

1860

  • Birth of William Judson Boone, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
  • US Census at 31,443,000
  • First US performance of Verdi's Rigoletto

1861-1865

  • US Civil War

1862-1863

  • Boise Basin and Silver City mining districts opened

1862

  • Homestead Act; Department of Agriculture established

1863

  • Idaho Territory organized

1869

  • Suez Canal opens; first US transcontinental railroad

1875

  • (September) Julia Finney matriculates at the Preparatory Dept., Carleton Academy at Carleton College, (founded, 1866) Northfield, Minnesota

1876-1877

Julia Finney takes year off from Carleton Academy

1876

  • Battle of the Little Big Horn
  • Mark Twain publishes Tom    Sawyer
  • Bell patents the  telephone

1877

  • (September) Julia Finney resumes studies, Carleton Academy
  • Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce surrender at the Bear Paw Battlefield, Montana  Territory

1878

  • (June) Julia Finney completes high school degree, Carleton Academy
  • Thomas Alva Edison establishes the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company

1881

  • (January) Julia Finney enrolls Carleton College
  • Andrew Carnegie first offers to build libraries

1881

  • First commercial power station begins operation, New York City

1883

  • Oregon Short    Line Railroad completed across southwest Idaho, construction camp  known as "Bugtown" renamed as    town site of  Caldwell is platted

1884

  • (June) Julia Finney graduates with "degree in Classics," according to records in Carleton College archives    (2002)
  • US Bureau of Labor created

1887

  • The  Rev. William Judson Boone, age 27, and his wife Annie, age 24, move to Caldwell
  • Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee
  • end of the cattle boom in American West

1888

  • George Eastman introduces the Kodak camera

1890

  • Sherman Antitrust Act passed
  • US census nears 63 million
  • Sitting Bull killed
  • Mormon Church ends the practice of polygamy
  • US Weather Bureau established
  • Idaho becomes the 43rd state of the Union

1891

  • The College of Idaho opens as Idaho's first    institution of higher education

1892

  • 1892- University of Chicago admits first students

1894

  • The Carey Act launches era of irrigated land projects    in American West

1895

  • Idaho Irrigation District Law enacted

1899

  • (June) Julia Finney hired to teach at The College of  Idaho, $500 per year
  • (September 19) Julia Finney arrives in Caldwell "on the train from the west"
  • In the College of Idaho Bulletin, Catalog Number 1898-1899, with 10th annual announcements for 1900-1901, Julia Finney listed as faculty, A.M. Carleton College, teaching courses in English, German, and History

1900

  • Freud publishes Interpretation of Dreams
  • US population reaches 76 million

1901

  • Bulletin announcements for 1901-1902, Julia Finney teaches courses in English and German

1902

  • Theodore Roosevelt President
  • Panama Canal authorized
  • National Reclamation Act

1903-1904

  • Triple Alliance and Entente Cordiale foreshadow    World War I

1903

  • Wright Brothers launch the age of aviation
  • Henry Ford    begins his motor car company
  • First  popular motion picture, The    Great Train Robbery

1904 - 1905

  • November 22, 1904, to February 4, 1905, Julia Finney has prolonged illness and bedridden, inflammatory arthritis

1905

  • Bulletin announcements for 1905-1906, Julia Finney  teaches courses in Bible, German

1905, 1907, 1908

  • Twin Falls and Minidoka Projects opened in    southern Idaho

1906

  • Julia Finney  builds home at 1804 Everett, a boarding home for students
  • Julia Finney  later builds a second home at 1821 Everett
  • (November 1)  Finney's brother, an attorney from Indianapolis, visits Caldwell
  • Bulletin announcements for 1906-1907, Julia Finney  teaches courses in German, English; C of I announces opening of  Collegiate Department
  • San Francisco earthquake

1907

  • Bulletin announcements for 1907-1908, Julia Finney  listed as faculty, A.M. Carleton College, graduate work at University of Chicago, Wellesley, University of Berlin
  • Julia V. Finney persuades Dr. D.K.    Pearsons, Chicago    physician and real estate magnate,    to pledge $25,000 to The College of Idaho

1908

  • January 21 to September 6, 1908, Julia Finney takes a trip to Germany on leave from C of  I
  • Bulletin announcements 1908-1909,  Julia Finney listed as Dean, Modern Languages

1909

  • (Fall)  Finney's  nephew Clarence Bicknell, a recent high school graduate from Morris, Minnesota, enrolls as a freshman at C of  I. Father is W.C. Bicknell, according to college records
  • Bulletin announcements for 1909-1910,  Julia Finney  listed as Vice-President, Modern Languages and Literature; this Bulletin includes a plate of  "Julia V. Finney Hall, under construction, June 20, 1910"

1910

  • Bulletin announcements for 1910-1911,  Julia Finney  listed as Vice-President, and now includes plate of the completed Julia V. Finney Hall, plus listing of four departments (collegiate, academic, music, art), plus first four collegiate graduates
  • (June 30) Clarence Bicknell killed in a construction accident near Lake Lowell. C of I classmates conduct funeral service.
  • Halley's Comet returns
  • Lake Lowell and the New York    Canal open thousands of  acres of desert entry lands in Boise    Valley
  • Ground breaking for Finney Hall and Sterry    Hall at C of I

1911

  • College of Idaho confers first baccalaureate degrees    on four graduates at first commencement    held on "new"campus

1912

  • Bulletin announcements for 1912-1913,  Julia Finney  listed as faculty, teaches courses in English, German
  • Arizona becomes 48th state of the Union
  • Boise Traction Company erects "The Hat"    at C of I

1913

  • Armory Show introduces America to contemporary    European art

1914

  • "St. Louis Blues" published by    W.C. Handy

1915

  • Dr. William    Judson Boone delivers prayer at dedication of Arrowrock Dam,  which expands the Boise Project    in southwest Idaho

1916

  • Bulletin announcements for 1916-1917, Julia Finney  listed as faculty, teaches courses in German
  • National Park Service organized

1917

  • Margaret Sanger jailed for birth control activism
  • Bolsheviks unseat the Tzar in Russia
  • US enters WWI

1918-1919

  • Spanish Flu Pandemic ravages both military and    civilian populations in US, including    Idaho

1920

  • US population passes 106 million

1921

  • (Spring) Julia Finney retires to Los Angeles, perhaps to live with brother, now a judge

1925

  • Bulletin announcements for 1925-1926,  Julia Finney  listed as faculty, second in years of service

1926

  • Bulletin announcements for 1926-1927,  Julia Finney  listed as faculty emeritus
  • Strahorn Library constructed at C of I

1929

  • US enters Great Depression

1930

  • US population exceeds 123 million

1932

  • "New Deal" proclaimed by FDR

1933-1934

  • Successive salary cuts signal effect of    depression on C of I finances

1933

  • Adolph Hitler takes control in Germany

1934

  • (Spring) Julia Finney  donates works of art to C of I, oil paintings (copies of works in the Louvre, Paris), and collection of vases, including Royal Doulton

1936

  • Julia    V.Finney  dies in Los Angeles
  • Death of  Dr. William Judson Boone
  • Hitler remilitarizes the Rhineland
  • Edward VII    abdicates British throne

1937

  • WPA booklet describes Caldwell as "a place of monastic    quietness"

1941-1945

  • US enters WWII

1941

  • Covell Hall and Kirkpatrick Gymnasium constructed at C    of I
  • - Penicillin proven a successful antibiotic medicine
  • Dr. William Webster Hall takes helm at    C of I

1942-1944

  • Finney Hall houses US Army Air Force Cadets

1942

  • An Army Air Force classroom building, later known as    The Commons, constructed at C    of I

1944

  • Passage of GI Bill of Rights assures opportunity of    higher education for returning Armed    Forces

1945

  • VE Day; US launches the age of nuclear warfare; VJ    Day; WWII ends

1950

  • US population passes 150 million

1950-1953

  • Korean War

1957

  • Return to normalcy, Finney Hall resumes service as    coed dormitory

1958

  • Finney Hall remodeled, design by Jones and Hummel    Architects, Boise